As the most common skin disease in the world, acne comes in many forms in which the severity can range from mild to severe. Acne affects our skins’ oil glands, more commonly on our faces and sometimes on the necks, chests and backs. If you have acne prone skin, read on to determine the type of acne that is affecting you as well as the acne treatments that can help clear up your complexion.
- Acne Vulgaris
The most common form of acne, acne vulgaris comes in three forms, from the very mild non-inflammatory acne to the moderate inflammatory acne and lastly the severe cystic acne. The mild form of acne vulgaris consists of blackheads and whiteheads which are commonly known as comedones and they usually respond well to over-the-counter topical products.
Papules and pustules on the other hand are the moderate forms of acne vulgaris, in which papules are small, inflamed red and pink bumps and pustules are filled with white or yellow pus, surrounded by irritated, red skin. Although both papules and pustules can be treated with over-the-counter topical products, prescription medication may sometimes be required.
The severe form of acne vulgaris includes the appearance of cysts, large painful and deep-rooted bumps, as well as nodules, large inflamed bumps. These two types of acne vulgaris often lead to deep scarring and require visits to a dermatologist.
- Acne Cosmetica
Usually caused by or aggravated by cosmetics, skincare or haircare products applied to the skin, acne cosmetica appears as small, itchy or rash-like bumps across the surface of the skin or scalp. To treat acne cosmetica, all you need to do is to identify and determine the source of your breakouts, i.e. the products that are causing your pores to clog and thereafter discontinue the use of them.
- Acne Mechanica
Commonly affects athletes and students, acne mechanica is triggered by excess heat, friction, pressure or rubbing of the skin. Occuring anywhere on the face or body, acne mechanica can appear as small, inconspicuous comedones or inflamed papules and pustules, depending on the cause. Most cases of acne mechanica respond well to over-the-counter salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide treatments, formulated for acne-prone skin.